World meeting in Saudi Arabia warns of Iran’s nuclear program

Saudi Arabia’s delegation chief to Washington summit calls for Middle East free from nuclear weapons

Summit participants agree on fighting nuclear terrorism

Obama: Terror organizations’ obtaining of nuke arms poses largest threat to whole world

U.S., Russia sign pact to dispose of plutonium stockpile

The two-day Washington Nuclear Security Summit concluded Tuesday with the issuance of a Communiqué and a Work Plan. The following is the full text of the Communiqué:

Communiqué of the Washington Nuclear Security Summit

Nuclear terrorism is one of the most challenging threats to international security, and strong nuclear security measures are the most effective means to prevent terrorists, criminals, or other unauthorized actors from acquiring nuclear materials.

In addition to our shared goals nuclear disarmament, nuclear nonproliferation and peaceful uses of nuclear energy, we also all share the objective of nuclear security. Therefore those gathered here in Washington DC on April 13, 2010 commit to strengthen nuclear security and reduce the threat of nuclear terrorism. Success will require responsible national actions and sustained and effective international cooperation.

We welcome and join President Obama's call to secure all vulnerable nuclear material in four years, as we work together to enhance nuclear security. Therefore, we:

1. Reaffirm the fundamental responsibility of States, consistent with their respective international obligations, to maintain effective security of all nuclear materials, which includes nuclear materials used in nuclear weapons, and nuclear facilities under their control; to prevent non-state actors from obtaining the information or technology required to use such material for malicious purposes; and emphasize the importance of robust national legislative and regulatory frameworks for nuclear security;

2. Call on States to work cooperatively as an international community to advance nuclear security, requesting and providing assistance as necessary;

3. Recognize that highly enriched uranium and separated plutonium require special precautions and agree to promote measures to secure, account for, and consolidate these materials, as appropriate; and encourage the conversion of reactors from highly enriched to low enriched uranium fuel and minimization of use of highly enriched uranium, where technically and economically feasible;

4. Endeavor to fully implement all existing nuclear security commitments and work toward acceding to those not yet joined, consistent with national laws, policies and procedures;

5. Support the objectives of international nuclear security instruments, including the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material, as amended, and the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism, as essential elements of the global nuclear security architecture;

6. Reaffirm the essential role of the International Atomic Energy Agency in the international nuclear security framework and will work to ensure that it continues to have the appropriate structure, resources and expertise needed to carry out its mandated nuclear security activities in accordance with its Stature, relevant General Conference resolutions and its Nuclear Security Plans;

7. Recognize the role and contributions of the United Nations as well as the contributions of the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism and the G8-led Global Partnership Against the Spread of Weapons and Materials of Mass Destruction with their respective mandates and memberships;

8. Acknowledge the need for capacity building for nuclear security and cooperation at bilateral, regional and multilateral levels for the promotion of nuclear security culture through technology development, human resource development, education and training; and stress the importance of optimizing international cooperation and coordination of assistance;

9. Recognize the need for cooperation among States to effectively prevent and respond to incidents of illicit nuclear trafficking; and agree to share, subject to respective national laws and procedures, information and expertise through bilateral and multilateral mechanisms in relevant areas such as nuclear detection, forensics, law enforcement and the development of new technologies;

10. Recognize the continuing role nuclear industry, including the private sector, in nuclear security and will work with industry to ensure the necessary priority of physical protection, material accountancy and security culture;

11. Support the implementation of strong nuclear security practices that will not infringe upon the rights of States to develop and utilize nuclear energy for peaceful purposes and technology and will facilitate international cooperation in the field of nuclear security; and

12. Recognize that measures contributing to nuclear material security have value in relation to the security of radioactive substances and encourage efforts to secure those materials as well.

Maintaining effective nuclear security will require continuous national efforts facilitated by international cooperation and undertaken on a voluntary basis by States. We will promote the strengthening of global nuclear security through dialogue and cooperation with all states.

Thus, we issue the Work Plan as guidance for national and international action including through cooperation within the context of relevant international fora and organizations.

We will hold the next Nuclear Security Summit in the Republic of Korea in 2012.

Meanwhile, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has expressed the hope that the important Nuclear Security Summit currently in progress in Washington will lead to the success of efforts being exerted to secure dangerous nuclear materials in preparation for eliminating them completely and lead to taking constructive and productive steps for ensuring peace and stability desperately needed by the international community.

In a speech delivered by Prince Muqrin bin Abdulaziz, President of General Intelligence Presidency (GIP) and Head of the Kingdom's Delegation to the Summit on Tuesday, he conveyed the greetings of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz to U.S. President Barack Obama and the leaders and heads of delegations participating in the Summit and his best wishes for the success of the summit and expressed his appreciation for the good offices played by the United States of America in preparation for the Summit, which will contribute to achieving its desired objectives particularly the quest for a world free from nuclear weapons.

He said, ''We are meeting here today in the hope of reaching recommendations for the formulation of practical solutions to issues of nuclear security and other important relevant issues, as well as the application of the provisions of Security Council Resolution 1540 for the prevention of weapons of mass destruction from falling into the hands of terrorist organizations and the exercise of stricter control over providers of nuclear materials and technologies to make sure that they are not provided to illegitimate parties.'

Prince Muqrin said the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia had submitted a report that highlighted its views on measures to make the Middle East a free zone from nuclear weapons, which conforms closely with this initiative of the Summit. 'This report of the Kingdom was issued as an official document of the Sixth Review Conference of States' Parties to the Treaty on Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons in 2000.'

He said, 'In this regard, the Government of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has repeatedly confirmed the concerns raised in this report which are compatible with the relevant resolutions of the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1974, and adopted at each session of the General Assembly by consensus since its 35th session in 1980, including the resolution which calls for declaring the Middle East and Arab Gulf region free from all weapons of mass destruction, especially nuclear weapons.'

He added that Israel's possession of nuclear weapons constitutes a fundamental obstacle to achieving security and stability in the Middle East, pointing out that the justifications submitted for Israel's acquisition and development of weapons of mass destruction, especially nuclear weapons, are clearly not compatible with its claimed desire to achieve peace with the peoples and countries of the region.

He also asserted that real peace must be based on trust and good intentions by all countries and peoples of the region as well as on freedom from injustice, occupation and committing heinous crimes against them. He also affirmed that peace can not be built on the possession of nuclear weapons, or threat of using them, or on imposition of a fait accompli and hegemony that would be a source of concern and threat, not only to the peoples of the region, but to international peace and security in general.

With regard to the crisis of the Iranian nuclear file, Prince Muqrin said that the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia welcomes the international endeavors to find a peaceful solution to this crisis through dialogue in a way that ensures Iran's right, like other countries in the region, to the peaceful use of nuclear energy in accordance with procedural safeguards under the supervision of International Agency of Atomic Energy (IAEA), expressing his hope that Iran will respond positively to these efforts to put an end to the crisis as soon as possible.

He welcomed the initiative of the United States of America for changing its nuclear strategy on limitation of the circumstances that may lead to the use of nuclear weapons, describing the initiative as a major step towards the elimination of these weapons completely. He also expressed hope that the American initiative will provide incentives for other countries to abandon their ambitions to acquire nuclear weapons.

The Prince noted that the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, which has been among the countries targeted by terrorists, signed the convention on nuclear terrorism last year.

He said that the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has signed agreements seeking the preservation of international peace and security and supported all resolutions of the United Nations on non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.

On the other hand, a protocol calling for disposal of weapons-grade plutonium from U.S. and Russian arsenals was signed Tuesday by the countries' top diplomats in Washington.

U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov signed the Plutonium Disposition Protocol, called an "essential step in the nuclear disarmament process" by the State Department in a news release.

The protocol "makes arms reductions irreversible" by ensuring that the United States and Russia will transparently dispose of weapon-grade plutonium from their defense programs, preventing it from being reused for weapons or other military purpose, the department said.

The document updates the 2000 Plutonium Management and Disposition Agreement.

Each country disposes of at least 34 metric tons of plutonium by using it as fuel in civil power reactors to produce electricity, the department said. The combined amount is enough for about approximately 17,000 nuclear weapons.

In addition, Russia announced it would shut down its final plutonium reactor, President Barack Obama said after the afternoon plenary session of the Nuclear Security Summit in Washington. The reactor has been producing weapons-grade plutonium for nearly 52 years in the formerly secret Siberian city of Zheleznogorsk.

"I welcome this significant announcement from President (Dmitry) Medvedev," Obama said. "This important step forward continues to demonstrate Russia's leadership on nuclear security issues, and will add momentum to our shared global effort."